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Type of Government:  Republic
Head of State:               Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (since 1979)
Election Day:              24 April 2016
Opposition Candidates[1]:


•       Bonaventura Monsuy Asumu of the Social Democratic Coalition Party (PCSD)

•       Carmelo Mba Bakale of the Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea (APGE)

•       Avelino Mocache Mehenga of the Union of Law Center (UCD)

Independent Candidates:

•       Agustin Masoko Abegue

•       Benedicto Obiang Mangue

•       Tomas Mba Monabang

Ruling Party: Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea (PDGE) led by President Obiang

President Obiang has been in power since a coup, overthrowing Francisco Macias Nguema in 1979. His predecessor has been ruling the country since its independence from Spain in 1968. Being Africa’s longest-serving Head of State, Obiang has been reigning for 36 years. After the discovery of oil, the country has achieved a huge wealth increase, which however is not displayed in the majority’s living standards. Initially the elections were scheduled for November, 2015 but have been postponed with no official explanation.

[1] AfricaNews. 2016. Six ‘newcomers’ to face Equatorial Guinea president in April 24 election. Available at: http://www.africanews.com/2016/04/04/six-newcomers-to-face-equatorial-guinea-president-in-april-24-election/ [Accessed on April 21, 2016]