ADI hosts Youth Day Debate
June 20, 2016
Why the AU should introduce presidential term limits
June 24, 2016


Filipe Jacinto Nyusi is the current and fourth President of Mozambique elected in office in 2015.  Before he became the leader of the county the 57year old previously served as the Minister of Defence between 2008 and 2014. In 2014 Presidential election he became the candidate of the ruling party, Frelimo.  President Nyusi first joined Frelimo at the age of fourteen during which he was taken to neighboring Tanzania where he was educated at Frelimo Primary School in Tunduru. It was during the Mozambican war of independence when he received political and military training at Nachingwea in Tanzania. In 1990, he completed his mechanical engineering degree at Brno University of Technology in Czechoslovakia.  Prior to his appointment to the cabinet by President Armando Guebuza, Nyussi worked for the state-owned Mozambique Ports and Railways authority (CFM) in the 1990s. On becoming president Nyusi aimed on establishing a government that met the requirements of the country in a hands-on and pragmatic manner. Since his appointment Mozambique has undergone political and armed tension between the opposition Mozambique National Resistance (RENAMO) a former rebel movement led by Dhlakama and the ruling Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO). Renewed fighting and conflict between FRELIMO and RENAMO has led to over 3,000 refugees fleeing Mozambique, with the number expected to grow. Corruption in government and business remains pervasive despite a 2012 anticorruption law and the delegation of new powers to the Central Office for Combating Corruption. Observers note that anticorruption measures are not followed through, and police and judicial bodies cannot enforce them as they are also often corrupt. Filipe Nyusi has tried to make his mark, but his year-long reign has so far occurred under the shadow of his predecessor’s questionable policies. Low level guerrilla activity by the opposition RENAMO party has generated much concern across Mozambique and beyond,including dubious debts of up to US$2 billion and rising food prices have not spared Nyusi’s first year as the president.