Articles on Eritrea
May 24, 2016
Happy Africa Day
May 24, 2016


Bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia and Djibouti, Eritrea occupies a strategic area in the Horn of Africa but remains one of the most secretive states in the world. Eritrea is a one-party state, and its 1997 constitution – which provided for the existence of multi-party politics – has never been fully implemented. Military conscription is mandatory and indefinite, according to Amnesty International. President Isaias Afewerki has governed Eritrea since it became an independent country in 1993. His People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDF) is the sole political party.

Presidential elections planned for 1997 never took place and a constitution ratified in the same year has never been implemented. President Afewerki has been criticized for failing to introduce democratic reforms.


President Isaias Afewerki
Population 5,6 million
Currency Nakfa
 Religions Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy 64 years
Democracy Ranking 155
Major Languages Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English


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