The Republic of Seychelles is both a country and an archipelago of 115 islands, situated in the Indian Ocean, just off the coast of East Africa. Though Seychelles does not share its borders with other countries, neighbouring countries include Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte, Mauritius, Reunion and Zanzibar. The country has also been recognised as a vital link in the trade between Africa and Asia.
Seychelles became an independent state in 1976 after it had gained its sovereignty from the United Kingdom. However in 1977, the Seychelles’ first president – James Mancham – was overthrown in a coup, and replaced by France Albert René in the same year. His presidency brought forth the inception of a socialist administration, characterised by a one-party political system. It was declared in 1979, and lasted until 1991. This model was then replaced by a constitution, voted and approved by the island state’s citizens in 1993, allowing for the introduction of a multi-party political system. After having served as President of the Seychelles for twenty seven years, René relinquished his position of power in 2004. As of 2012, Seychelles only had two political parties, the ruling ‘Parti Lepep’ (PP), meaning, People’s Party and the opposition, Seychelles National Party (SNP). Today, the small island state has a total of six registered political parties, of which the socialist party, PP, remains in power.
Succeeding René’s presidency is current president – James Michel – who after being democratically elected, took office in 2004. Re-elected by the island state’s citizens in December 2015, James Michel is now serving his third term in office. The President of the Seychelles is both the head of the government, as well as the head of state. Selection of the President is by popular vote in an election held every five years. The government of Seychelles controls much of the islands’ media, and operates all radio and TV stations, as well as the sole daily newspaper (TODAY in Seychelles).
Victoria, the capital city of the Seychelles, is the smallest in the entire world and can be easily explored on foot in less than a day.
|GDP (2016)||US$ 2.4 billion|
|Religion||Roman Catholicism is dominant. Others include Anglican, Protestsnt Muslim, Hindu and Bagai communities|
|Main Languages||Seselwa, Creole French, French, English|
|Currency||Seychelles Rupee (SRC)|
|Life Expectancy||73.5 years|